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Detention of Gaspard Glanz Is a Sign of France’s Increasingly Authoritarian Treatment of Journalists

Gaspard Glanz | Claude Truong-Ngoc

Rakotomalala, Suzanne Lehn, Diana Rhudick, Global Voices

Gaspard Glanz | Claude Truong-Ngoc

On 20 April 2019, video journalist Gaspard Glanz was arrested while filming a demonstration in Paris’ Place de la République. Gaspard runs the photo news agency,Taranis News, which covers social movements in France.

After his arrest, Glanz was placed in custody for “insulting a representative of law enforcement” and “participating in a group in order to provoke acts of violence and destruction.” Glanz was assigned an “S card,” indicating that he is considered to be a serious threat to national security, and may be subject to increased surveillance. He was also banned from entering Paris to cover subsequent Yellow Vest demonstrations, a measure that could leave him unable to do his work and earn a living.

Glanz remained in custody until 22 April, when he was released. Along with his lawyer, he confirmed his intention to contest the ban, which was ultimately annulled by the criminal court of Paris on 29 April, due to insufficient grounds.

Glanz was able to go to Paris on 1 May and on the following Saturdays, when the Yellow Vests hold their protests.

The arrest of Gaspard Glanz on April 20, 2019

Glanz initially became known in France after his video reporting on social movements and protests such as the demonstrations against the labor law, the Nuit debout (“up all night”) movement, and the Yellow Vest demonstrations, as well as his reporting on the living conditions of refugees in Calais.

According to the police, Glanz was arrested for “participating in a group in order to commit acts of violence and destruction” and for “insulting a law enforcement official,” for giving the finger to a police officer. The former accusation is legally difficult to prove and was withdrawn upon his release.

Glanz described the conditions of his custody on Reporterre, a French news site with a focus on environmental issues:

My time in custody went pretty badly, I’m covered in bruises. When I was arrested, I was slammed to the ground, I haven’t eaten anything since Saturday. I was able to drink, but it wasn’t easy, I had to fight for it, and I think because of my name recognition, I was able to drink something, but other people in my situation couldn’t. I can still smell the urine, I must be covered in it, to give you an idea of the ambiance at the police station.

Gaspard Glanz

He also explained what he saw as the real reasons for his arrest:

When there were the attacks in Strasbourg and their units were filmed, they were so proud to show their helmets, their shields, and their guns. There we were reporters, we were promoting the police. But when we show their mistakes, what’s happening in the street, what’s really happening in Paris, then we’re not allowed to film, because we might show things they don’t want to be seen. We’ve reached a very serious point of no return.”

Gaspard Glanz

Solidarity with Glanz

The national press and media rights organizations have come out in support of Glanz. Many criticisms have been leveled against the ministry of the interior, which has argued that Glanz didn’t have a press card. The card implies that the bearer works for an employer, but French law does not require journalists to carry a press card in order to do their work in public spaces.

Reporters Without Borders and the Sociétés de Journalistes de Libération have criticized “attacks on the freedom of the press.”Voir l’image sur Twitter

#GiletsJaunes@RSF_inter and @SNJ_national denounce attacks on the “fundamental freedom of the press.” https://t.co/zvQnNlAftk #AFPpic.twitter.com/MeJtrFZzFn — Agence France-Presse (@afpfr) 21 April 2019

Attorneys have pointed out the legal inconsistencies of the minister of the interior’s arguments:

An independent
justice? Apart from the attack on the freedom of the press, the measures against the journalist @GaspardGlanz call into question the independence of the judiciary branch https://t.co/VhcIp9Pjpd — SAF [lawyers’ union] (@syndicatavocats) 26 April 2019
“I remind #GaspardGlanz you that there is a separation of powers in our country” By prejudging-as Minister of the Interior-of the Commission of an offence in the place of an independent judge. Someone to remind Mr. Castaner of the separation of powers?

The solidarity of French mainstream media journalists has been robust. The political editorialist for Radio France Inter gave the definition of a journalist, explaining how Gaspard Glanz fit the definition on every point:

What is a reporter? The editorial of @lofejoma #le79Inter

Another target of attacks on media freedom: the investigative site Disclose

On 24 April, four days after the arrest of Gaspard Glanz, two reporters from the investigative media website Disclose and one Radio-France reporter were called before the DGSI, the intelligence service of the ministry of the interior, for revealing secret defense documents as part of their investigation “Made in France,” on the massive use of French lethal weapons in the war in Yemen by Saudi Arabia and its coalition.

URGENT Two journalists http://Disclose.ngo  are summoned as part of an investigation to “compromise the secrecy of national defence” following a complaint by the Ministry of hosts. #yemenpapers #madeinfrance @Mediapart @InvestigationRF @ARTEInfo @konbininews
Screen shot from Disclose home page featuring their “Made in France” investigation into the use of French offensive weapons in the ongoing war in Yemen

Once again, journalists were loud and clear in asserting their solidarity. Rue89 Strasbourg wrote:

Today, because they exposed this information, three journalists are being threatened with a lawsuit for a crime punishable by a jail sentence, when the goal is obviously to uncover the source of their information.”

37 companies of journalists, writers or editors (including that of @LaCroix) lend their support to journalists @Disclose_ngo @RadioFrance who will be heard in mid-May by the DGSI following an investigation into the use of weapons in Yemen #secretdessources

Media freedom moving backwards in France

From the moment he took office, French president Emmanuel Macron and his cabinet have had a distant relationship at best with the press, and a deplorable one at worst. This article from the daily Le Parisien tells the tale of a love gone cold.

He doesn’t hate the press or disdain them, he wants to create a direct relationship with French people,” is the analysis of a regular contributor. That explains why he is so enamored of social media.

Le Parisien

France currently ranks at number 32 out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 freedom of the press ranking, down one place and 0.34 points from 2018.





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