As ExxonMobil faced the second day of a New York state trial for defrauding investors about climate-related risks of burning fossil fuels, a Democrat-controlled U.S. House Oversight subcommittee on Wednesday held a historic hearing “examining the oil industry’s efforts to suppress the truth about climate change.”
“The devastating effects of climate change are not borne equally by our planet’s population. Instead the consequences of climate change have had a disproportionate effect on people of color, low-income communities, and vulnerable populations that are often hit ‘first and worst,” noted a memo(pdf) from the subcommittee staff published ahead of the hearing. “Decades of climate denialism by the oil industry forestalled meaningful government action to avert the current crisis.”
In a statement Wednesday, Tamara Toles O’Laughlin, North America director for the environmental group 350.org, said the Subcommittee on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties hearing was “an important step in demonstrating how the climate crisis deepens racial injustice and public health challenges.”
“Just like Big Tobacco, Exxon executives buried the warnings of its own scientists, bankrolled deniers as politicians and advocates for destruction, and spent millions blocking the transformative action that science and justice demand,” she said. “Communities who have done nothing to cause the climate crisis—poor communities, communities of color, Indigenous Peoples, and workers—are bearing the full cost of Exxon’s lies through lives and livelihoods. It’s time fossil fuel billionaires pay for care and repair.”
That sentiment was echoed by Greenpeace USA, which tweeted: “Yesterday, Exxon was taken to court. Today, its climate denial scheme was put in front of Congress! Climate justice means making Big Oil pay for the climate crisis it created!”
Watch the hearing:
The subcommittee hearing featured testimony from experts on environmental justice and the human-caused climate crisis as well as a former scientist and consultant for ExxonMobil. Among the experts was Sharon Eubanks, who prosecuted the U.S. Department of Justice’s racketeering case against Big Tobacco.
In her statement (pdf) to lawmakers Wednesday, Eubanks outlined similarities between the tobacco and oil industries:
As in the case of tobacco, the oil industry’s campaign of misinformation was conducted by individual companies and by trade groups, advertisers, and other proxies that spread its message of doubt. Also, like tobacco, in-house scientists confirmed present and future threats to the public, while the companies and their proxies publicly disputed or distorted scientific findings, in particular, the dangers of carbon pollution and climate change. This campaign of climate change denial had the intended effect of delaying actions that might resolve the issues, including government regulatory actions while the public bore the effects of delay.
The #ExxonKnew campaign tweeted highlights from the hearing, including parts of Eubanks’ testimony:
Another witness was Harvard University professor Naomi Oreskes. In August of 2017, Oreskes and fellow researcher Geoffrey Supran published a peer-reviewed study in the journal Environmental Research Letters that confirmed findings from 2015 InsideClimate News and The Los Angeles Times reports about ExxonMobil’s decades-long record of suppressing climate science and sowing public doubt about the planetary crisis. She referenced the study in her prepared statement (pdf).
“In our study of ExxonMobil we demonstrated two things: First, that many of their advertorials were misleading, misrepresenting the state of the science, and exaggerating the degree of uncertainty,” Oreskes said. “Second, that there was a systematic discrepancy between what the advertorials—designed to influence public opinion—said about climate change and what the company and its scientists said either in private, or in communications that were intended for restricted scientific or industrial audiences.”
However, “fossil fuel disinformation goes well beyond ExxonMobil’s advertorials,” Oreskes continued. “The fossil fuel industry has also promoted disinformation through the activities of ‘third-party allies’: other organizations and groups, with whom they collaborated on messaging, helped to fund, or helped to create.”
Ahead of this week’s hearing, Oreskes and Supran—along with researchers from George Mason University and the University of Bristol—released a new report exposing how, “over the past few decades, the fossil fuel industry has subjected the American public to a well-funded, well-orchestrated disinformation campaign.”
Details of what ExxonMobil knew about the climate crisis and when the company knew it were also confirmed Wednesday by former Exxon scientist Ed Garvey (pdf) and former company consultant Martin Hoffert (pdf). In terms of the fossil fuel giant’s disinformation campaign, Hoffert told lawmakers that “what they did was wrong.”
“They spread doubt about the dangers of climate change. The effect of this disinformation was to delay action internally and externally,” said Hoffert. “As a result, in my opinion, homes and livelihoods will likely be destroyed and lives lost.”
“The hearing completely destroyed Big Oil’s myth that we are all responsible for climate change by exposing their multi-hundred million dollar climate deception campaign,” Richard Wiles, executive director of the Center for Climate Integrity, declared Wednesday.
CCAN Action Fund executive director Mike Tidwell said in a statement that “like Big Tobacco, we must expose Big Oil’s deception and force their executives to confess under oath that they have risked the entire planet for their short-term greed.”
“This hearing put the industry’s deception front and center,” Tidwell added. “Congress owes it to the American people to keep the pressure on.”
Advocates of climate action and corporate accountability praised Subcommittee Chairman Jamie Raskin (D-Md.) and other members of Congress—including Democratic freshmen Reps. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (N.Y.) and Ayanna Pressley (Mass.)—for bringing “their A game” to Wednesday’s hearing.
Raskin, in his opening statement (pdf), denounced the fossil fuel industry for funding a “decades-long denial campaign that has twisted and perverted our democracy” by depriving “voters and policymakers of the materials and ability necessary to make informed decisions about the most fundamental challenge to human existence.”
“We are thankfully beginning to see momentum shifting toward action to prevent further destruction of our planet, but we must remain wary of the feel-good commercials and empty promises from oil companies that are still intent on deceiving the American public,” Raskin warned. “Exxon and their corporate allies are continuing to fund climate denialism and explore new oil fields to exploit, even as the warnings from scientists grow increasingly dire.”