Thousands of protesters took to the streets of Sao Paulo on Thursday, during a national day of protest against President Jair Bolsonaro’s government planned cuts to federal universities.
Earlier in May, Brazilian far-right’s government announced a 30 per cent cut to the funding of federal universities.
The decision was strongly criticised by many top education officers, who claimed that it would put at risk public university and therefore access to higher education for young people.
The government is also planning to withdraw financial support from the human sciences and prioritise areas such as veterinary, engineering and medicine, which, in Bolsonaro’s words, can generate immediate return to the taxpayers.
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The New Faces of Fascism: Populism and the Far Right
By Enzo Traverso
What does Fascism mean at the beginning of the twenty-first century? When we pronounce this word, our memory goes back to the years between the two world wars and envisions a dark landscape of violence, dictatorships, and genocide. These images spontaneously surface in the face of the rise of radical right, racism, xenophobia, islamophobia and terrorism, the last of which is often depicted as a form of Islamic fascism. Beyond some superficial analogies, however, all these contemporary tendencies reveal many differences from historical fascism, probably greater than their affinities. Paradoxically, the fear of terrorism nourishes the populist and racist rights, with Marine Le Pen in France or Donald Trump in the US claiming to be the most effective ramparts against ‘Jihadist fascism’. But since fascism was a product of imperialism, can we define as fascist a terrorist movement whose main target is Western domination? Disentangling these contradictory threads, Enzo Traversos historical gaze helps to decipher the enigmas of the present. He suggests the concept of post-fascisma hybrid phenomenon, neither the reproduction of old fascism nor something completely differentto define a set of heterogeneous and transitional movements, suspended between an accomplished past still haunting our memories and an unknown future.
News, articles & stories from the worlds of politics & history, with a dose of retro culture.